A 2010 Study Finds Low Carb Diet Beats Low Fat at Improving Health Long TermAn NIH-funded study published in 2010 compared an Atkins type low carb diet to a low fat/low calorie diet over a 2 year period. This study was distinguished from earlier studies in that participants were given ongoing support to help them stay on track.
Both groups lost the same amount of weight over the two years on average. However, as stated in the results:
During the first 6 months, the low-carbohydrate diet group had greater reductions in diastolic blood pressure, triglyceride levels, and very-low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, lesser reductions in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, and more adverse symptoms than did the low-fat diet group. The low-carbohydrate diet group had greater increases in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels at all time points, approximating a 23% increase at 2 years.Though this study excluded people with diabetes, the finding confirms what people with diabetes have been reporting, anecdotally for years and removes any basis on which doctors and nutritionists can rest their oft repeated claim that the low carb diet is dangerous.
Weight and Metabolic Outcomes After 2 Years on a Low-Carbohydrate Versus Low-Fat Diet: A Randomized Trial Gary D. Foster et al. Annals of Internal Medicinevol. 153 no. 3 147-157 Aug 3, 2010.